The cross-border dependency, the inadequate possibilities for measuring water
quantity and quality and the inefficient use of water is one of the main problems in Central Asia.
The optimal use of the water, the protection of the water resources and the protection of human beings
as well as infrastructure against floods is of crucial interest to the countries Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The strong willingness to solve water related
questions is underlined by the fact that the five countries have signed an agreement in which terms
and conditions of water use are agreed.
As of today the hydrometeorological surveys of the region are
in a desolate state in regard to finance and infrastructure. Some equipment is out dated and no spare
parts for maintenance are available anymore. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan hydrometeorological surveys are
in a better position compared to those in Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan and Turkmenistan.
These facts were
already recognised in the early nineties by the World Bank and in 1995 Switzerland (financed
by SECO) agreed
to implement a project called "Improvement of Hydrometeorological Surveys in Central Asia".
The experience gained by this projects shows that the political as well as the technical bodies are
willing to co - operate in the field of water. As a result of the co - operation the meteorological
surveys of the five countries have improved and the understanding of the need of well functioning
meteorological surveys is established. However, it is also evident that a lot has to be done to improve
the technical, personal and organisational capacity of the hydrometeorological surveys, hence this
Project objectivesImprovement of the hydrometeorological base-line information
for water resources management will cover the period about 10-15 years by
The projects are coordinated by the Swiss Aral Sea Mission (SASM).
building measures in observation, processing and forecast of hydrometeorological parameters;
supporting of a Regional Centre of Hydrology to strengthen the cooperation between
the 5 independent states;
organisational capacity building measures
within the hydrometeorological surveys;
creating links of this
project to other Swiss financed projects such as the project on "Institutional Arrangements for Improved Water
Management in the Ferghana Valley" and the "Contribution to the automatisation of sluice gates in the
networking with other organisations involved in water related
projects in the region.
Tel: 99 (871) 120-63-76
Fax: 99 (871) 120-63-76
Address: K. Makhsumov str., 72 Tashkent, 700052, Usbekistan
Tasks of the Regional Centre of Hydrology
Based on the successful implementation of the initial projects, the Swiss government decided to implement
and support a Regional Center of Hydrology (RCH). RCH was initiated by the five gidromets and is financed
by Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC
The main tasks of the Regional Centre of Hydrology
- provision of training in the field of hydrology;
- coordination of regional activities;
- operation of a forecast and information system;
- support in development (maintenance, capacity-building).
The Centre supports the provision of hydrological
baseline information for regional projects and the provision of basin-relevant information.
NEWS22-23 Feb. 2001
of Regional Center of Hydrology" seminar [more...]